Blackwater Locality # 1 is a National Historic Landmark located on the Southern High Plains of New Mexico. The Site is owned as a research arm of Eastern New Mexico University. The site was first identified by Ridgely Whiteman of Clovis, New Mexico in 1929. E.B. Howard and John Cotter confirmed this in the 1930s.
The site, also known as Blackwater Draw or the Clovis site, is widely recognized among scholars and the interested public as one of the most significant archaeological sites in North America. Toward the end of the last ice age, about 13,500 years ago, pioneering groups of hunter-gatherers encountered an oasis at Blackwater Draw – a spring-fed pond frequented by herds of mammoth, bison, and other Pleistocene fauna. The site became a recurring hunting ground and camp area for these people. Beginning in 1932, archaeologists and local volunteers discovered their tools along with a number of mammoth skeletons, and identified the Clovis culture. Clovis still stands as arguably the oldest archaeological culture identified in the New World. Further investigations over the past 70 years have identified more Clovis evidence, along with remains of Folsom and later Paleoindian and Archaic cultures that continued to frequent the site for thousands of years.